Thursday, January 2, 2014

Rava Khichdi

Yesterday it was already late to cook and its cold,felt like having something hot ,spicy and soothing so have to find something that i can cook faster as we are already hungry too.
Rava / Semolina is a quick cooking item but it is the one that needs some extra touch to eat.
So tried this recipe with idea of adding veggies to our daily diet too...Know what ? task achieved and had a satisfying dinner .
So if you guys are looking for a quick meal with veggies to be part too ,then try this khichdi recipe.


About Semolina :

Semolina is the coarse, purified wheat middlings of durum wheat used in making pastabreakfast cerealspuddings, and couscous.The term semolina is also used to designate coarse middlings from other varieties of wheat, and from other grains such as rice and maize.
Semolina is derived from the Italian word semola, meaning 'bran'. This is derived from the ancient Latin simila, meaning 'flour', itself a borrowing from Greek σεμίδαλις (semidalis), "groats". The words simila, semidalis, groat, and grain may all have similar proto-Indo-European origins as two Sanskrit terms for wheat, samita and godhumaSemolina may also be a loan word from the Semitic root smd– to grind into groats (Arabicسميد‎ samīd).

Production:

Modern milling of wheat into flour is a process that employs grooved steel rollers. The rollers are adjusted so that the space between them is slightly narrower than the width of the wheat kernels. As the wheat is fed into the mill, the rollers flake off the bran andgerm while the starch (or endosperm) is cracked into coarse pieces in the process. Through sifting, these endosperm particles, the semolina, are separated from the bran. The semolina is then ground into flour. This greatly simplifies the process of separating the endosperm from the bran and germ, as well as making it possible to separate the endosperm into different grades because the inner part of the endosperm tends to break down into smaller pieces than the outer part. Different grades of flour can be thus produced.

Types:

Semolina made from durum wheat is yellow in color.Semolina is often used as the base for dried products such as couscous, which is made by mixing roughly 2 parts semolina with 1 part durum flour (finely ground semolina).
Broadly speaking, meal produced from grains other than wheat may also be referred to as semolina, e.g. rice semolina, or corn semolina (more commonly known as grits in the U.S.)
When semolina comes from softer types of wheats it is white in color. In this case, the correct name is flour, not semolina. In theUnited States, coarser meal coming from softer types of wheats is known also as farina.

Dishes:

Savory:

Boiled semolina turns into a porridge, known in some areas as Cream of Wheat. In GermanyAustriaHungaryBosniaBulgaria,SerbiaSloveniaRomania and Croatia, semolina is known as Grieß (a word related to "grits") and is mixed with egg to make Grießknödel which can be added to soup. The particles are fairly coarse, between 0.25 and 0.75 millimeters in diameter.
In South India, semolina is used to make savory foods, like rava dosa and upma, or puddings, like kesari or sheera. It is sometimes also used to coat slices of fish, before it is pan-fried in oil, which gives it a crispy coating.
In much of North Africa, durum semolina is made into the staple couscous. Semolina is a common food in West Africa especially among Nigerians. It is eaten as either lunch or dinner with stew or soup. It is prepared just like eba (cassava flour) or fufu with water and boiled for 5 to 10 minutes.

Sweets:

In GermanyAustriaHungaryBosniaBulgariaSerbiaRomania and Croatia, semolina is cooked with water or milk and sweetened with squares of chocolate to make the breakfast dish Grießkoch orGrießbrei. In the Netherlands, it is called griesmeelpap, although there is usually no chocolate in it, and it is more a dessert than a breakfast dish. Sweetened semolina, boiled in water or milk into a firm porridge and subsequently refrigerated, is popular in northwestern Europe as a dessert calledsemolina pudding. It is often flavored with vanilla and served with jam or redcurrant sauce. InSwedenEstoniaFinlandLithuaniaLatviaPolandUkraine and Russia, it is eaten as breakfast porridge, sometimes mixed with raisins and served with milk. In Swedish it is known asmannagrynsgröt, or boiled together with blueberries, as blåbärsgröt. In Sweden, Estonia, Finland and Latvia, it is boiled together with juice from berries and then whipped into a light, airy consistency to create klappgröt (Swedish name) or vispipuuro (Finnish name) or mannavaht (Estonian name), a dessert which is usually eaten in summer. In the Middle East, it is used to make desserts calledharisa or so-called basbosa or nammora.
In Pakistan and North India, it is used for such sweets as suji halwa. A popular dessert in Greece ("Halvas"), Cyprus (halvas or helva), In Cyprus other than milk it is mixed with almond cordial to create a light water based pudding. In Turkey ("Helva"), Bulgaria ("Halva"), Iran("Halva"), Pakistan ("Halva"), and Arab countries, "Halawa" is sometimes made with semolina scorched with sugar, butter, milk, and pine nuts.
Basbousa (North African and Alexandrine harisa) is made chiefly of semolina. In some cultures, it is served at funerals, during special celebrations, or as a religious offering.

Baking:

As an alternative to corn meal, semolina can be used to flour the baking surface to prevent sticking. In bread making, a small proportion of durum semolina added to the usual mix of flour is said to produce a tasty crust.

 Serves - 2 

Ingredients:

Rava - 1/4 cup
Oil - 1 tbsp
Mustard Seeds - 1 tsp
Turmeric Pd - 1 tsp
Curry Leaf - 1 sprig
Onion -1 small ,diced very fnely
Green Chillies - 4 ,chopped
Tomato - 2 small ,diced  / Tomato Puree - 1/4 cup
Potato - 1 ,cubed to very small pieces
Carrot - 1 ,cubed to very small pieces
Peas - 1/4 cup
Water - 1/2 to 1 cup

Method:

If your Rava/ Semolina is not roasted,heat a pan add 1 tsp of oi land roast the rava till its gives good aroma or it changes to light brown in color.

1.Heat the pan,add oil ,then mustard seeds .Let it splutter.
2.Then add Onion,green Chillies ,Curry leaf and saute well.
3.Then add turmeric Pd , salt.
4.Once onions are translucent add tomatoes / tomato puree.
5.Saute it well,add water if needed .
6.Then add all veggies and saute and cook till its all tender.Add 1/4 cup water if needed to cook veggies.
5.Do a taste check and add salt if needed.
6.Then add semolina and water if needed(semolina should be covered in water ,but don't add too much water,mostly total water need will be like 1/4 cup)mix well and cover and let it cook.It wil lbubble and splutter everywhere ,so cover it.
7.Cook till they appear like below consistency and all semolina is swelled up./
8.Garnish it with coriander leaves and mix well.
 9.Transfer to a serving container.


Tips:


Dont Add too much water ,khichdi will become too soggy.Add water little by little.


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